In this modern generation, there are many search engine platforms like Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc used by users to browse the requested data. So whatever you search it will give you benefits of meaning which we call a response. When you get a response, you will get it in different ways i.e. different websites appear on the monitor. But the important question is, is it safe to check into these websites…. because in this current world of technology. It is common that your data can be unauthorizedly accessed either by hacking or by threats and viruses that attack your system. All this will happen only when you get into a website that is not secured.
Whenever you access a website in Google search engine, have you ever checked the URL of that website. Sometimes a website’s URL has HTTP in front of it, sometimes it’s HTTPS. Do you know what is HTTP and HTTPS? Do You know, what is the full form of HTTP and HTTPS on the computer? I will tell you,
The first thing that comes into mind is how is it developed?
HTTP and HTTPS are the world wide web’s principal/ fundamental protocol developed by Tim Berners-Lee and his team between 1989-1991. Since then, till date it has been modified a lot in such a way that it still consists of its simplicity, developing its features, and shaping its flexibility. HTTP has gradually developed from protocols to exchange files into those laboratories where only a few privileges are provided.
So this is how HTTP and HTTPS are introduced as protocols to be used in creating a safe and secured website for the exchange of data as they provide special privileges.
What is Full Form of HTTP and HTTPS in Computer?
The Full Form of HTTP is HyperText Transfer Protocol.
HTTPS Full Form is HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure.
How HTTP and HTTPS work?
Now the question that arises in your mind is why? why should we know how it works? Is it important?
And my answer is yes, it is important because if you know how it works then you can know which website is safe and which website is not, and protect your system from attacks and threats, etc
So let’s study how it works
HTTP is used in every web address because of protocols that convert the information or data in code and HTTPS is the combination of Transport layer service (TLS) and Secure Sockets layer(SSL) which provides secured encrypted connection between client and server. In short, HTTPS has security packages that secure the data.
Now let’s study how HTTP and HTTPS are connected with each other.
HTTPS is the modified version of HTTP.
Websites created by using HTTP And HTTPS provide security to the browser’s credentials and other personal information. You may have seen HTTPS:// or HTTP:// on every browser’s address bar i.e URL.
When a client sends a request to the server this HTTP automatically encrypts the request. Every HTTP is used with a URL i.e Uniform Resource Locator because it accesses the data from WORLD WIDE WEB.
What is HTTP?
HTTP is HyperText Transfer Protocol. It is a communication protocol used to send and receive web pages or files on the internet. So you may have doubts that how do the client and server communicate?
Well, that is what the working of HTTP is about,
Actually what happens is when a client or user sends a request on a browser then automatically HTTP is added to the web address and this HTTP is attached with URL and Domain name of the request then server reads the request and sends or responds to the request of the client by sending the benefit of meaning i.e. by sending the safe websites as a response to the client which meets clients requirements.
Characteristics of HTTP
- HTTP is an application layer protocol.
- It is used to exchange hypertext.
- HTTP is used in every Website address.
- HTTP is a set of rules that provides communication over a network.
- It is stateless because each transaction between client and server is independent and no state is based on the previous conditions.
- HTTP uses headers at the start of each message.
- It uses requests from client to server.
- HTTP uses the response from the deriver to the client.
- It helps in sending and receiving data.
Advantages of HTTP
HTTP uses an advanced scheme of addressing a website. It has the capability to download extensions and plugins whenever an application needs additional capabilities
It displays the relevant data. Due to fewer TCP connections, it offers a reduced network. As there is no handshaking it offers reduced latency, it reports errors without closing TCP connections
It assigns IP addresses with recognizable names to get identified easily on the World Wide Web. Users can easily engage with the internet Compared to the standard procedure of IP address with a series of numbers.
It has shaping flexibility. The chance of interception during transmission is minimized here because no more than one single element of a webpage gets transferred as in HTTP each file is downloaded from an independent connection and then gets closed.
Only when the connection is established, the handshaking process will take place in HTTP. Hence, there will be no handshaking procedure following a request. This significantly reduces latency in the connection. Accessibility is one of the fundamental advantages of HTTP.
When the page is loaded for the first time, all of the HTTP pages get stored inside the internet caches known as the page cache.
Therefore, if you visit the page again, the content is fastly loaded.
Disadvantages of HTTP
There are chances of someone altering the content as there are no encryption methods used in HTTP. That’s why HTTP is not considered secure.
Besides that, they can gather confidential information such as the username and the password so Privacy is another problem faced in an HTTP connection.
Clients do not take measures to close the connection even if HTTP receives all the data that it needs, So, this time, Therefore, during this time period, the server will not be present.
HTTP needs to create multiple connections for transmitting a web page. Therefore causes administrative overhead in the connection.
IoT Device Support
Do not use HTTP, because every IOT Device has Wireless Sensor Networks. HTTP uses various resources which increased the power consumption.
HTTP does not have many security packages compared to HTTPS.
What is HTTPS?
HTTPS provides secure communication over the computer network, widely used on the Internet, authentication, securing privacy and quality of data, etc. It is the secured version of HTTP, as HTTP is not that secured.
It is a networking protocol used for collaborative, distributive, and hypermedia systems which means Multimedia systems where the related items information are connected and can be presented together i.e (texts and graphics)
Utilization of HTTPS
By default, it uses port 80.
It provides web security. Https secure the personal data of the browser and website from malpractices, phishing, etc. Also, secure from unauthorized access. It also provides security and privacy to website users and prevents hackers to listen to the communication between two users.
It also guarantees the privacy of data of the website over the network is safe from public networks like WIFI, Hotspot, etc.
Characteristics of Https
It uses port 443 by default.
HTTPS secures the data. It secures the request and response by encoding them, protects websites from threats, unauthorized access, etc.
It requires 3rd trusted party to sign server-side digital certificates (whenever you enter into a website it will pop up a request to continue with a Gmail or sign-in option). HTTPS provides security in such a way that only client and server knows what is being communicated
HTTPS gains SEO (Search Engine Optimization) certificate and privileges from google and other search engines with the help of an SSL certificate.
HTTPS is mostly used by web clients than HTTP so that it can ensure the genuineness on all sorts of websites and secure accounts.
Advantages of HTTPS
It secures the websites from threats, attacks, warnings, phishing such as MITM, etc.
This helps in transferring user’s data securely, boosts up search engine result page aka SERP ranking. Also, builds users trust because it removes the “NOT SECURE” warning.
Disadvantages of HTTPS
It is a bit slower comparatively because it takes time to encrypt the data, extra overhead due to encryption process to use HTTPS you have to pay for SSL certificate
So this is all about HTTP and HTTPS, but did you see that in HTTP and HTTPS the encrypting of data is done by HT. Do you know, what is HT? HT stands for Hypertext, it is a scripting language that is the main component used for building a website, Now let’s go through HT in detail,
What is Hypertext?
HYPERTEXT is an encrypted language that consists of links in it, which means the words or any text in the web page created using hypertext is clicked then it will redirect you to the new webpage based on the link.
Utilization of Hypertext
Advantages of Hypertext
Hypertext helps in linking your website to another website to let your visitors follow your ideas that support your thoughts, global views, task stacking, collaboration, modularity of information, information structuring, easy to create new references. It allows visitors to analyze data from multiple perspectives.
Hypertext is presented with multiple paths of inquiry to select at any given time.
Its reference can be seen at the same time as the text we are working on updating of information. It allows for a non-linear movement within a document with the option of quickly returning to where learners started.
Its efficiency is in such a way that it can organize a large amount of non-uniform data. Hypertext has good adaptability as new types of applications and data can be generated. It is scalable because lack of centralization allows millions of clients.
Somewhat difficult to maintain context, the tendency to lose one’s sense of location and direction in a non-linear document, the learner can face problems while concentrating on hypertext.
Due to little knowledge, the learner can lack skills required when using hypertext, the learner can get lost in the vast information and misinformation, the new learner can get confused by specific functions which represent icons and graphic images.