Learn Hindi Varnamala in English: Swar, Vyanjan

Hindi is a language that helps us to identify ourselves as Indians. In our country, everyone from the illiterate to the educated people understands the Hindi language. The Hindi language is an important part of our culture. 120 crore people speak Hindi in our country. But if you ask someone about the Hindi Varnamala, no one knows about it. I feel very bad when people do not know Hindi Alphabet.  Today, we will learn the Hindi alphabet.

26 alphabets are available in the English Language, in the same way, alphabets are also available in the Hindi language. These alphabets are also known as Hindi Aksharmala or Varnamala in the Hindi language.

There are 26 alphabets in the English language, which consists of five vowels like a,e,i,o,u and 21 are consonants like b, c, d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w,x,y,z.

Just Like the English language, the Hindi language also has Vowels (स्वर) and consonants (व्यंजन). Based on pronunciation, the Hindi Language has 45 varnas. There is 52 varna based on writing. Let’s start learning about Hindi varnamala letters.

Akshar or Letters are the smallest units of the Hindi Language. A combination of these letters makes words. A combination of these words makes a sentence.

Hindi Varnamala is categorized into two categories, Hindi swar, and vyanjan. Let’s start learning,

Hindi Vowels/Hindi Swar

Alphabets that do not require any help to speak. You can speak them freely are known as Hindi Swar. For instance,

hindi swar

Hindi Consonants/ Hindi Vyanjan

They need vowels to speak. For instance,

hindi vyanjan

If you speak, “क” (Kaa), you recognize the alphabet “आ” (aa) in it. Pronounce these alphabets, and you found the tone of vowels in Hindi Consonants.

Hindi Alphabets with Pictures

If you want to teach Hindi Varnamala to kids, then teach them by images.

Pronunciation of Hindi Varnamala Swar in English

Hindi AlphabetsPronunciation of Hindi Alphabets in EnglishHindi Alphabets and WordsHindi Words in English
aअनारPomegranate
aaआमMango
eइमलीTamarind
eeईखSugarcane
uउल्लूowl
uuऊनWool
aiएकOne
aeऐनकSpecs
oओखलokhal
auऔरतWoman/Lady
अंanअंगूरGrapes
अ:ahप्रातः कालMorning
hriऋषिSaint
KकबूतरPigeon
KhखरगोशRabbit
GगमलाFlowerpot
Ghघड़ीWatch
Chचम्मचSpoon
ChhछतरीUmbrella
JजहाजShip
JhझरनाWaterfall
TटमाटरTomatoes
ThठेलाTrolley
DडमरूDamru
Dhढक्कनLid
TaतवाTawa
ThथैलीBag
DदवाMedicine
DhधनुषBow
NनलTap
PपतंगKite
PhफलFruit
Bबत्तखDuck
BhभालूBear
Mमकड़ीSpider
Yयज्ञYajna
RरथRath
Lलट्टूLatto
VवटTree
ShशलजमTurnip
Shषट्कोणHexagon
SसाडीSaree
HहलPlow
क्षKshक्षत्रियKshatriya
त्रTraत्रिशूलProng
ज्ञGyanज्ञान 

 

Knowledge

Frequently Asked Questions

How many letters are there in the Hindi alphabet?

There is 52 varna in Hindi Varnamala, of which there are 12 vowels and out of which 42 are consonants.

How many words in the Hindi alphabet?

There is no word in the Hindi alphabet. Hindi Varnamala is a group of various letters, not words.

How many vowels are there in the alphabet?

12 vowels are available in the Hindi alphabet.

क्ष, त्र, and ज्ञ are which type of three consonants?

क्ष, त्र, and ज्ञ are also known as sayunktakshar (सयुंक्ताक्षर) vyanja. Because this three-letter is made up of two letters. For instance,
क्ष = क् + ष !

Who has discovered the Hindi alphabets?

Nobody discovered the Hindi Varnamala. The letters of the Hindi alphabet are derived from the Devanagari language i.e. Sanskrit.

क, ग, ज और फ sounds are taken from?

Arabic and Persian

When Hindi Diwas Celebrated?

14 September

Hello, My Name is Abhinav. I am an Author in the Education Category of Trickyedu. I have Done My Engineering in Computer Science from DIT University. I have a good command on Science, Programming Language, and microprocessors. So, I choose this platform to share my knowledge and experience.

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